[ बंजर भूमि क्या है 2023 ] Know why land becomes barren, profit-loss, types, rules of possession, solutions for barren land improvement

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Last Updated on March 1, 2023 by krishna sahara

The most useless land from the point of view of fertility is considered as barren land., Government rent on this type of land, and agricultural produce is very less. This type of land is mostly found in the form of forest land. In the barren land dry areas wild grass, shrubs and low yield are some of the vegetation characteristics. Wastelands are mostly formed/spread due to the defect of environmental components such as earth, air, water and organic elements.


What is barren land?

Barren land is such a land, which is officially not good for cultivation and plant growth. In this way, most of the dry areas inside the land are filled with stony or oil or minerals – due to which there is less possibility of development of plants in it. Therefore, the use of barren land does not prove to be ideal for fertile crop production or other agricultural activities.

There are many methods/techniques available to revive the barren land, such as organic farming, soil amendment techniques and green cover techniques. By using these techniques, one can help in making barren land fertile and save the environment.

What is the main problem of barren land?

The area of ​​barren land increasing in the fertile land of the earth is becoming a problem for the farmers and the government and the environment.

Excessive use of mineral resources To extract the mineral resources available in barren land, it needs to be excavated. As a result, the soil useful for the plants and vegetation present in the wastelands is destroyed.

destruction of forests Destruction of forests is also a major problem in wastelands. The conversion of land into barren land due to multiple harvesting of forests and indiscriminate trees and plants is also becoming a growing problem.

Drought-prone areas The area of ​​this type of land is increasing in areas with less rainfall and areas prone to drought. Organisms and human life in these areas are drifting apart because of low productivity due to lack of water or uncontrolled rains.

Climate change – Climate change is also one of the main problems of the wasteland. Due to climate change, the plant and vegetation growth present in the barren land is rapidly stopping.

what is wasteland

Solution for wasteland reclamation?

Wasteland reclamation is an important issue for the government and the agricultural system, as it is important for both our nature and human life. The problem of barren land occurs in areas where plants do not grow or where plant growth is reduced. The solution to this problem can be seen in the following ways-

Preserving wild animals and plants: – By protecting forests and trees and plants, the growth of plants increases and helps in making barren land fertile. That’s why it is necessary to preserve the forests to preserve the wildlife.

Construction of water structure in barren land :- By building a water structure, water gets accumulated in the soil of barren land, which is very essential for the flourishing of organisms and plants. For this water structures like reservoirs, ponds and canals can be built. Artificial construction of river-canals can also be found from barren land by flowing through areas with such large area.

Organic farming in barren land solution :- Organic farming Barren land can also be made fertile by adopting the methods of In organic farming, only organic manure is used, which improves the quality of the soil. Increases nutrients in plants and soil in organic farming and make barren land fertile Makes Other than this, Organic farming This reduces climate change and increases the number of bacteria in the soil.

Conservation of diversity: – Conserving diversity is also extremely important for wasteland reclamation. To preserve diversity, forests should be maintained and wildlife protected as needed.

What are the types of barren land?

Waste i.e. land without vegetation development can be seen in different ways –

land lying idle for a long time This land is called those lands, which are not available for use in any form. These include natural desert areas, regular landscapes and dry areas.

Pasture This land is that which is suitable for grazing animals like sheep, goats and cows. This includes grass and wild plants. This land across the country comes under the government sector.

unwanted land It is not possible to do farming in this type of barren land. It includes areas of rocky, stony and cavities.

Less fertile i.e. Wasteland – These lands are called areas that have been left out of cultivation or use for a long time and may also have the presence of some plants or animals.

Rules for occupying barren land?

in India, Rules for occupation of barren land are prescribed by the Land Conservation Act, 1972, Under this Act, wasteland is recorded separately on the map. Such areas are commonly used for the purposes of wildlife conservation, water conservation and soil conservation.

To prevent encroachment of barren land, officials under the Land Conservation Act, 1972 have been directed to check the use of barren land and prevent encroachment. If any person or institution has encroached upon such land, action will be taken to remove it.

what is wasteland

Difference between barren land and cultivable land?

barren land arable land
Mechanical and chemical fertilizers are not available in the required quantity for the growth of plants in this type of soil. Cultivable land is that land which is suitable for the growth of plants.
Agricultural work cannot be done on barren land. The development of flora and fauna is also greatly affected. It contains the right amount of nutrients for the soil, which improves plant growth and productivity.
Some of the common factors affecting plant growth in wastelands are soil quality, atmospheric conditions, availability of water, and factors such as bacteria and germs. It has a proper structure with respect to water and energy, which plays an important role in plant growth and productivity.
The productivity/growth of wild life is very low and non-existent. While the productivity in arable land is very good.

Which state of India has maximum barren land?

The maximum barren land in India is in the state of Rajasthan. About 61% of the total area of ​​Rajasthan is considered barren land. The plains here have Scandi forest, Tedi forest, plains with few trees, etc., which are examples of barren land. In Rajasthan, Udaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Barmer, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Nagaur, Jaipur, Ajmer, Jalore, Churu, Banswara etc. districts come under barren land.

Projects for the development of barren land?

The development of barren land has become very necessary, because by converting it into protected-fertile and fruitful land, the development of the entire area takes place. Mention of some main projects for the development of barren land –

Making water structures :- Water storage and water resources are very important in barren land. Therefore, construction of water structures, such as reservoirs, dams, and river bed modification measures are essential. This improves the water structure of the complex, which improves the condition of agriculture and helps in the development of the entire region.

Increase in forests: – Forests are an important benefit to wastelands, balancing the natural environment and maintaining soil fertility. Through forest conservation schemes, such as Van Samvardhan and Van Sensation Yojana, run by the Forest Department, forests are possible in barren lands, which produce other related products.

Development in Agricultural Activities:- For the development of agriculture in dry areas, the government is working to convert barren land into fertile land by developing canals, rivers, rainwater harvesting, wells and tubewells. Environmental balance is being maintained by stopping the increasing percentage of barren land.

what is wasteland

Benefits of barren land?

In the areas of barren land, farming cannot be done in the absence of herbs and plants. Such land does not grow crops and cannot be used for the development of the population. But there are some benefits of barren land too –

  • Wasteland does not have vegetation, but various agricultural techniques can be used to grow crops in it. In this way there is diversity and maximum productivity in liquid measures used to grow crops even in barren lands.
  • The use of wastelands saves resources. It proves helpful in saving water, energy, vegetation and other resources.

Which farming is done in barren land?

Most of the cultivation is not possible in barren land, some crops can be cultivated with low yield potential. Such as maize, millet, jowar, ragi, gram, urad dal, groundnut, lemongrass and soybean etc.

What percentage of land is barren in the country?

About 15% of the total national land area in India is distributed as wasteland.

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